I gave a workshop at the Marketing and Public Policy Conference (MMPC) on how to use social media for creating a personal brand in academia.
The presentation discusses how you can use social media to create your personal brand as an academic in order to increase your research outreach, provide real-world learning opportunities for students, and achieve other valuable inbound effects such as new research collaborations and industry contacts.
The slide show is also available at SlideShare here.
We have just wrapped up our Integrated Marketing Communications class yesterday, when the final report on the real world learning project was due. Overall, both the client and me were very impressed with the communications plans that were presented by students. And what I hear from my feedback channels, students also very much enjoyed the learning experience.
Here is a little video documentary of our project. A last few touches are still being made and eventually a higher quality version will be available, but I wanted to share this first cut here with you:
I will write a longer reflection on this course at some later point in time, but until this one comes out, you can read more about my Real World Learning approach here.
What is one of the greatest signs that marketing permeates all aspects of our society? That everybody who comes to class already thinks they know what marketing is. Your neighbour knows what marketing is. Heck, even your mother! They all “speak marketing”.
Somehow its great that everybody speaks marketing. When I am going to parties (note to myself: I should do this more often), I always find people who want to talk marketing to me. They might be excited about the ongoing revolution in social media and mobile marketing, or they might despise me because marketing tries to greenwash our planet-wrecking consumption and production practices. Either way is fine. In the best case, I can convince a sociology grad student, who blames me for everything that is wrong in this world, that the marketing metanoia expands to sustainable consumption by fundamentally rethinking how humans relate to nature (my dissertation). At the very least, I am having an interesting conversation.
If I studied Mathematics or Engineering, how could I communicate with other party guests who don’t speak these esoteric languages?
But there’s a catch! The drawback of marketing being a lingua mundi is that everybody thinks that this superficial marketing streettalk has indeed any resemblance with what professional marketers do. No friends, the marketing talk you neighbour speaks has little to do with marketing strategy – unless your neighbour is a marketing prof… essional/essor, of course! My mum thinks that marketing is about TV commercials selling you stuff, and my students think that marketing is about raising awareness with facebook and twitter. No, no, no! Things are a little bit more complex.
You probably want to click on the image above to admire its beauty in all detail, but you get the gist of it already. Marketing streettalk has little to do with marketing strategy. Today it is raising awareness via facebook, yesterday it was branding via TV commercials, and before that it was just selling stuff.
Marketing strategy is more than that, and it requires us to engage with concepts and theories as much as with the latest trends and memes. It requires analytical thinking. It requires seeing arrows that are not included in the framework (from post-purchase to awareness, with a little social media* to be further explained elsewhere). It requires choosing a different framework if it fits better. And sometimes it even requires altering, reordering the framework or coming up with your own.
Unfortunately, even though I showed the above framework in almost every class over the last ten weeks, some students still conclude their analysis right after “raising awareness through a facebook page”. That money for enrolling in my course should have been spent elsewhere.
Many other get is, and the difference in their thinking is immense. They don’t sound like cheesy internet marketers any longer (the 21st century marketing embarrassment that replaced the “used car salesmen” stereotype of the late 20th century). I think they will even get a job. Marketing Strategists of 2013 – I salute you!
Resources for Marketing Strategy
In my constant crusade to rid this world from marketing streettalk, buzz word dropping and bullshitting, I occasionally share my thoughts on marketing here on the blog. Right now, there is my SMMMart! series going on about the hottest trends in Social Media & Mobile Marketing. In every post, I introduce one emerging communication delivery tool in the social and/or mobile realm, and then I give the floor to two students (those who “got it”) to present their assignment on this topic. Here is the first one on Shazam to integrate TV commercials with mobile marketing – enjoy!
You can also check out my Marketing in Motion content curation, in which I collect interesting articles on how marketing is rapidly changing. Here is a little teaser:
“…marketing is in motion, and it is moving fast! Relying on print and TV advertising to tell consumers what your brand is about, that is a thing of the past! Today, you have to give up control and allow consumers to creatively engage with your – pardon – their brand. You have to be a member of a community, engage consumers, and support influencers. Advertising is still there, but it exist alongside social media, mobile marketing, events and other offline and online activities.”
Are you on the same crusade? Comment here, or drop me a line on twitter at @joachimscholz.
Social media and mobile marketing are yesterday’s and tomorrow’s next big things in marketing. Professionals see in them the holy grail of customer engagement, and marketing students smell their chance of bringing something fresh to their first employer, something that gives them the edge over their older colleagues who are stuck in web 1.0 and traditional ways of advertising. But here is problem number one: Doing social media is more than asking your customers to like you on Facebook, and mobile marketing is more than tweeting from your phone.
If you want to be successful in social media and mobile marketing, you have to integrate your efforts with all other tools in the marketing tool box. Yeah, you knew this already. But before you think this is just another “Reading an intro text to IMC turned me into a social media guru” post, I will tell you about a second problem that I will tackle in this post: Social media and mobile marketing are moving so fast, it is impossible for textbooks to catch up! What are the next twitter and facebook? How can social media and mobile marketing tools be integrated with the rest of your IMC mix?
This post is the first instalment of my “SMMMart!” series, which highlights the best Social Media & Mobile Marketing articles written by my third and fourth year students at Queen’s School of Business. Our goal in this assignment was to “find the next twitter” and explore how it can contribute to the IMC mix, so that my students have a competitive advantage when they start their careers in marketing. And in true Real World Learning fashion, we publish these articles online to contribute to the marketing community as a whole. You are welcome!
Shazam: Let your TV commercials go mobile
If you are into music, you might have heard about Shazam before. This iPhone and Android app listens to the ambient sound in order to find out what song you are listening to right now. Now it’s great to know that I am currently listening to “A Subtle Escape” by the Orcas (true story), but why on earth would I care about “shazam-ing” a commercial? Because of extrinsic and intrinsic rewards, in form of contests, deals and content that increases consumers’ economic, informational and entertainment value derived from a brand.
I like Chelsea’s and Tom’s Shazam example because it nicely illustrates how brands can turn something that marketers often see as a threat – using a second screen (phone or tablet) while watching TV – into an opportunity to deepen customer engagement with a brand. I also like it because it takes the slightly more familiar idea of QR codes (which I am a big fan of) from print and outdoors advertising to TV and radio.
I hope I was able to spark your interest, and now give the floor to Chelsea and Tom:
Shazam is a cutting-edge emerging communication tool available for smartphones and tablets that records the sound from a television commercial and identifies the advertisement via audio fingerprinting technology. Once the audio is recognized, users are connected to branded landing pages, transforming passive viewing into active brand engagement. The Shazam application leverages the growing second-screen trend, which is the consumption of television while using a smartphone or tablet. Shazam’s ability to promote a deep level of consumer interaction with brands, while accommodating the growing trends of second-screen and consumer empowerment, proves it is a truly valuable emerging communication tool. By integrating a brand’s broadcast strategy with its digital strategy, Shazam has generated success for brands such as Chevrolet, Coca Cola, Pepsi, Trident, Geico, Sony, Home Depot, and Microsoft.
What Is Shazam?
Launched in 2002, Shazam started as a UK-based mobile service that connected users to the music they heard but did not recognize. Originally named 2580, Shazam enabled users to capture audio and receive the song’s identification via text message by dialing 2580 on their mobile phones. Although Shazam had initial success as an SMS service, the introduction of smartphones accelerated Shazam’s growth, resulting in the creation of the Shazam application. The Shazam app, which is free to download, uses a smartphone or tablet’s microphone to record the music that is playing and identify the song via an audio fingerprinting technology. The title and song information are then delivered back to the user within seconds, while also providing click-through opportunities to purchase the song from iTunes. Shazam is currently available on all smartphone and tablet systems, reaching usage rates of over 330 million identification tags per month. Shazam has audio-indexed more than 25 million tracks and amassed more than 275 million users from over 200 countries in 33 languages. Every week, two million new users download the Shazam application, which is a clear sign of its continuing popularity.
Along with technological and user growth, Shazam has expanded beyond music identification to leverage the newly emerging power of second-screening, which pertains to the usage of smartphones and tablets while individuals watch television. In 2012, Shazam launched a full-scale television interaction campaign, with over 160 participating channels in the United States. The Shazam television process is the same as the Shazam music identification process. Users simply record the television audio and the information is delivered to their smartphones and tablets within seconds. A ‘call to action’ is often used, with a Shazam logo appearing in the bottom corner of the television screen to prompt user interaction. Viewers can use Shazam at any point during a television show to receive exclusive content and information. Shazam’s television interaction has also extended to television commercials, providing an emerging communication tool for brands to connect with users on a deeper, more effective level. After the television commercial is identified by the Shazam application, users are led to a branded landing page. From this landing page, consumers can discover more about the brand, including products and promotions, giveaways, social media pages, online communities, and more.
External Trends & Market Factors
Shazam is on the cutting edge of the emerging second-screen trend, providing a platform for advertisers to interact with this growing market. In 2012, approximately 85% of smartphone and tablet owners used their devices while watching television, a 15% increase from 2011 and 45% increase from 2010. Not only has second-screen usage increased, but users are also interacting more frequently, with 40% of smartphone and tablet owners engaging in second-screen activity on a daily basis. This trend can be seen at events such as Super Bowl XLVII, which solicited 24.1 million real-time tweets, a 76% increase from Super Bowl XLVI. Second-screen users are also less likely to engage in ad-skipping, with 73% of viewers refraining from skipping television advertisements when using a second screen, compared to only 50% for single screen users. Second-screen viewers see commercial breaks as an opportunity to check emails, tweet about the television content, and interact with other viewers through communal consumption. Therefore, Shazam is providing a platform to connect brands with activities second-screen users are already engaging in during commercial breaks.
Trend: Consumer Empowerment
One of the major trends in consumer behaviour is the rise of consumer power. Consumers are increasingly voicing their opinions about brands, equipping themselves with greater market knowledge and promotional awareness. This increased knowledge has also led to a growing level of skepticism and cynicism towards advertisers. In today’s marketing environment, consumers desire greater brand interaction, but on their terms with the brands they choose to interact with. By giving consumers the power to determine which branded content they want to engage with, Shazam is accommodating this consumer empowerment trend. Originally, QR codes were used to empower consumers by providing access to more exclusive, brand-specific content through pictorial tags. Now, Shazam and its audio fingerprinting technology are used to connect digital with television and even radio marketing, successfully merging the possibilities of traditional and digital marketing.
Shazam has a large potential audience and user base, which includes all individuals with tablets and smartphones who engage in second-screening. In 2012, 36% of 35 to 54 year olds and 44% of 55 to 64 year olds used their tablets while watching television. The older age demographic, namely those 55+ have proven to be the most frequent web surfers and email checkers on tablets while watching television. The younger generation, those 18 to 24 years old, favour the use of their smartphones during television viewing. Therefore, both men and women in these age cohorts can be reached through Shazam, demonstrating that second-screening and the Shazam application are not limited to the younger generation.
Synergies with other IMC tools
Shazam has the ability to increase a brand’s return on advertising investment by transforming the impressions of a 30-second television commercial into minutes of active consumer engagement with the brand. Shazam users are genuinely interested in accessing more brand-specific content, resulting in meaningful engagements and interactions with other users through social media platforms. For example, official sponsors of Super Bowl XLVI extended the impressions of their $3.5 million per 30-second spot advertisements by amassing more than one million tags on Shazam. These interactions provided additional value beyond the advertiser’s investment in the 30-second advertisement.
Shazam also has the ability to connect users from television advertising to sales promotions by providing users with exclusive access to contests and rebates. This synergy has proven beneficial for automobile companies. During last year’s Super Bowl, Toyota aired Camry Effect, an intimate commercial that focused on the emotional story of real-life Camry owners. Shazam gave viewers the opportunity to enter their personal Camry stories into an exclusive contest for a brand new 2012 Camry. Honda also used Shazam to connect viewers who saw its Summer Clearance Event commercial to local rebate and price discount information.
Shazam can further connect users to a brand’s direct marketing efforts. Once the advertising tag is received, viewers who are more passive and want the advertiser to spend the effort and deliver exclusive content can sign up to receive updates via email or text message. Toyota’s Camry Effect on Shazam allowed users to engage with the content other users posted. It also allowed users to sign up and receive relevant content, such as local price discounts and exclusive event invites delivered by Toyota.
The above video is the Shazam-enabled Toyota advertisement called Camry Effect.
Below are screen captures of Toyota’s branded landing page on Shazam for the Camry Effect.
Risks & Barriers of Adoption
Requirement of Smartphone or Tablet
In order to use Shazam, consumers must own a smartphone or tablet with the downloaded Shazam app. Those consumers without physical smartphone capabilities will not be able to engage with Shazam. In order to encourage adoption, the Shazam app is available on every major smartphone platform and can be downloaded from the iTunes App Store, Google Play, Amazon App Store, AT&T AppCenter, Verizon VCast App Store, Nokia Store, Windows Phone Marketplace, BlackBerry App World, and GetJar. In addition, the Shazam app now comes fully downloaded on all Android phones.
Time Frame Restrictions of Second-Screen Viewing
In order for people to engage with Shazam-enabled commercials, they will not only need to own smartphones, but also need to actively use their smartphones while watching television. If individuals do not have their phones turned on and ready to use, they will not be able to Shazam during the short time frame of television commercials.
Audio Recognition Performance
Since Shazam is based on audio recognition, if the audio is unclear or muffled the application will not be able to perform properly. This could require individuals to move from where they are watching television to reach clearer sound, which would be perceived as an inconvenience, thus discouraging use. However, Shazam’s fingerprinting technology is continuously being updated to more effectively block out ambient noise.
Disengaged Commercial Viewing
With the increased clutter in the advertising environment, some individuals no longer pay attention to television commercials. To combat this disengagement, many Shazam-enabled advertisements offer exclusive giveaways and information that cannot be obtained elsewhere, encouraging consumer interaction. In addition, Shazam’s target audience of second-screen users are less likely to skip commercials compared to single-screen viewers.
Perceived Complexity of Use
Individuals may be apprehensive of their ability to use and navigate the application correctly. Potential users may also question the application’s ability to recognize and deliver information about the content desired. Shazam’s instant information feedback can seem too good to be true for those individuals who have never used the application before. However, since Shazam is free to download, users are able to test the applications capabilities without incurring any costs, mitigating users’ perceived risk of adoption.
Trident’s See What Unfolds campaign is a nationally run campaign in the United States, which utilizes Shazam to promote interaction between the brand and consumers. Specifically, the campaign targets the adventurous spirit of consumers, playing upon their desires to escape everyday life. The television advertisement starts off with an individual chewing Trident gum; suddenly the world is at the consumer’s fingertips, inspiring adventurism and endless possibilities. See What Unfolds is prominent during the television show The Amazing Race, with Shazam connecting interested viewers to exclusive contests for the chance to win adventurous vacations. To illustrate the effect, picture a consumer watching The Amazing Race, with the exotic locations depicted on the show elevating their desires to travel the world and escape. See What Unfolds comes on during a commercial break and the campaign prompts viewers to use Shazam to access exclusive Trident content, including contests for foreign adventures. They are also linked to Trident’s social media pages, where they interact with other consumers over personal stories of adventure. Undoubtedly, the connection felt by consumers with this unified marketing campaign is much more personal and engaging than viewing a traditional television commercial.
This video was recorded with Tom’s smartphone to illustrate the Trident example discussed above.
The Shazam application is the next stage of integrated digital marketing. Shazam’s ability to promote further consumer interaction with brands, while accommodating the growing trends of second-screen and consumer empowerment, proves it is a truly a valuable emerging communications tool. The future capability of Shazam in integrated marketing communications is limitless, as long as marketing platforms have an audio digital component. In the future, Shazam can move beyond television commercials to be used in all forms of marketing with audio elements. These possibilities, combined with Shazam’s continuing growth, will cement the applications importance in the communication mix.
The original Shazam article has been written by Chelsea Kerr and Tom Qin. Both study Integrated Marketing Communications under the guidance of Joachim Scholz.
Yesterday I celebrated my first anniversary as a blogger for academiPad. It all started with realizing that, as a Marketing PhD student, I really should blog:
It has been exactly one academic year since academiPad was reborn in January 2012. On the last Sunday before university would pick up again after the holidays, I finally put a New Year’s resolution into practice: I started blogging.
Just about ten days earlier I realized that, being a PhD student in Marketing, I really had no excuse not to participate in this global phenomenon that so radically is reshaping consumption and marketing alike. Maybe ten years ago, it was permissible to procrastinate watching TV – after all, you had to keep in touch with advertising in order to inform your studies in marketing! But when was the last time you watched a full block of commercials? Me too. Today, in order to stay on top of what is happening in marketing, you have to participate in the creation and curation of content, in the exchange of ideas, in word of mouth, in the chatter of social media, and even in the modest gains of affiliate marketing. As a PhD student in marketing, you have to be a blogger.
And it really payed off: I feel more connected to the hyper-connected world than ever. I started using twitter, to curate content that is relevant to my research, and I am feeling confident enough to share my ideas and insights on research and teaching on this blog. It is now possible to find my webpage when you google for my name.
For more info of what motivated me to blog and how it helped me to better understand the post-Draper world of marketing, you can read the original academiPad Festschrift here. It also gives you a little preview on what articles you can look forward to in 2013.
In a week from today, I will start my second teaching assignment at Queen’s School of Business: Integrated Marketing Communications. Hey, I am excited, its going to be a lot of fun! Communications is an interesting course, no doubt, but that’s not the main reason for why I am looking forward to the next couple of weeks and months. The main reason is that I am the only instructor of this course (two sections). In other words: I have all liberties I could ever wish for to experiment with new course formats and teaching styles. In this post I am sharing how I designed the course according to my teaching philosophy, and yes, I offer the syllabus to download, just in case you are inspired.
This post is less about the content of what I am teaching and more about how I am teaching. Thus, its an interesting read (I hope) even when you teach something else than Communications, or Marketing, since the presented teaching philosophy and methodology can be adapted to many other courses and disciplines. I will also briefly point towards some digital tools that I am using to facilitate the course. If you find this part interesting, you should head over to my academiPad blog: I am going to offer more details on the technology side of things there throughout the current term. (more…)
After about two years, it was time for radically re-working my webpage. So many new projects have developed and I got deeper into my research activities that the old, static webpage just didn’t cut it any longer.
Of course, we are right now under construction. And we will always be, because I am planning to continuously update this page as my thinking goes along. So please forgive the bugs you will find without a doubt while checking out my current projects and overviews of my research and teaching.
There is more to come in the next few weeks. I will tell you on twitter when something new is up, so don’t forget to follow @joachimscholz